Detectival

Bringing the World of Metal Detecting Together

June 2017

Listed are what we consider to be 15 of the best and most interesting known and recorded archaeological sites and features on or around this years Detectival site. (The exact location data has been removed for now due to protecting the rally site).

The sites listed below all lie either on our site or very very close by (under 1.5km radius from search fields)

1.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Roman Villa (c.150m S of .....)

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

VILLA? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

2.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Site of ........ Palace Royal Hunting Lodge

Designations

Scheduled Monument Palace royal hunting lodge, an associated enclosure and later garden earthworks at ...... Farm

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

GARDEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

HUNTING LODGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

PILLOW MOUND (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1900 AD?)

3.

HER Number: 

Record Type: Monument

Name: Pair of Bronze Age Bowl Barrows (150m N of ...... Wood)

Designations

: Pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows 150m north of ..... Wood

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

BOWL BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Summary

Pair of bowl barrows aligned NW to SE. NW barrow survives as stony mound, 10m in dia and up to 0.25m high. SE barrow survives as stony mound 14m in dia and up to 1m high; centre of mound contains depression of C19 excavation. Quarry ditches are confluent.

4.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Motte Castle & Associated Barrow

Designations

Scheduled Monument Barrow: a motte castle 220m north west of Church

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

(Former Type) ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

MOTTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Summary

Includes a motte castle situated on a small hill, which provides a commanding view in all directions. Measures 38m across and 4m high, with flat oval summit. Square feature on top may be remains of keep. No sign of ditch.

5.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Medieval Moat surrounding ........ Lodge

Designations

Scheduled Monument Medieval moat surrounding Lodge, 400m north east of .......Farm

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Summary

Includes a square water-filled moat around a house known as ..... Lodge, and occupies one of the highest points in ......... Forest. Little defensive value; probable site of forest lodge.

6.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Pottery Factory NW of 

Designations

Scheduled Monument 1006318: Site of pottery factory NW of......

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

POTTERY KILN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Summary

Pottery kiln producing C19th red ware pottery, known as Oxon Red ware. Until 1970s, this site was unploughed. Ploughing uncovered stone kilns and partly destroyed them.

7.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Element

Name: Large Roman Rubbish Pit at ........ Copse

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

RUBBISH PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

SETTLEMENT? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Summary

Stone-lined pit 11' 2" in diameter excavated in 1858

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

FOX349 - ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

FOX351 - NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

FOX350 - SHERD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Description

1) Pit contained animal bone, oyster-shells and a quantity of potsherds, mainly grey, but also white, red, and Samian are, iron nails, and a bill-hook and was thought to be the site of a small village.

8.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Probable Bronze Age Round Barrow

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

BARROW? (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Summary

Probable barrow. Also thought to be a mis-shapen tree mound holding 4 oaks; now impossible to determine whether the nucleus of the feature was a burial mound.

HER Number: 

Record Type: Find Spot

Name: Late Iron Age/Roman Pottery, Barrow

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Summary

Dense concentation of surface finds, found at ...... Barrow in 1979.

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

FOX2874 - SHERD (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)

Description

1) Discovered by Mr ……., Banbury, 16.04.79. RB coarse pottery, including 20 rims, much grey ware and some cream and black sherds. Closely localised within an area c.6m x 12m.

4) Field walking by Chambers, OAU in 1980 in the vicinity of Barrow produced approximately 7kg of pottery consisting of late IA wares and much RB coarse ware probably no later than the C3rd AD.

9.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Find Spot

Name: Iron Age Coin

Designations

Scheduled Monument Pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows 150m north of ........ Wood

Grid Reference: 

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)

Summary

Found at ...... Green Round Barrow. Excavated March 1858.

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

FOX2848 - COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)

Description

(1) A coin, British AR of 'Antedrigus'

(2) Evans type I:8

(3) Attributed by Brooke and Allen to the Dobunni

(4) Wrongly listed by Evans as "Wychwood Forest, Bucks"

(5) Excavated in March 1858

10.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Deserted Medieval Village

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Summary

Site consists of a C14 Deserted Medieval Village, identified by traces of houses and lynchets.

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

None

Description

1) C14 Deserted Medieval Village. Traces of house sites and lynchets. In the Wychwood perambulations of 1298 nd 1300 it is called .............. by 1637 and in the Wychwood Award. Information transferred to this record, 

2)and roads and banks on edge of forest. Name only in forest perambulations near to ..... and impressive hill with small moat-farm taking up all the area inside . Moat card 65 turned down for scheduling ...... 

11.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Find Spot

Name: Roman Coins

Designations

Scheduled Monument Pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows 150m north of .......

Grid Reference: 

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Summary

Found at .... Round Barrow. Excavated in March 1858.

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

FOX2847 - COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Description

1) A Roman AE 2, a semi-barbarous hybrid (obverse 'Divus Augustus Pater'; reverse Neptune etc, as on the series struck in commemoration of M Agrippa), a Nero AE 2 and 2 Vespasian AE 2 (see also PRN's 246, 11843)

12.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Romano British Farmstead (3/4 mile N of the line of Akeman Street) and ? Mesolithic flints

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FARMSTEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Summary

The field in which it lies has been pasture since 1954.

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

FOX11938 - FLAKE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)

FOX1113 - OYSTER SHELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

FOX1112 - TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Description

1) The northern half of the field lies on level ground, but southern half slopes steeply to road towards ...... Pottery (mainly grey and oxidised wares) and box tiles in north-west corner of the boundary with the wood. Thought the roof and flue tile fragments suggest the site of a house, no particular concentration of stone could be observed at any point in the field. Also found were a number of worked flints, some thought to be of Mesolithic date. 

13.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Monument

Name: Bronze Age Ring Ditch (N of the Parish Boundary)

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

RING DITCH? (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Summary

Faintly observed on the OS mosaic and taken by the RAF in September 1947

14.

HER Number:  

Record Type: Find Spot

Name: Scatter of Romano-British sherds near Bowl Barrows NE of ......Wood

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FINDSPOT (Later Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)

Summary

Dense scatter of RB sherds found during field walking between 1997 and 2004

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

FOX8605 - SHERD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Description

1) Sherds include greywares, grog-tempered, reduced and oxidised fine fabrics. Forms appear to be predominantly beaded and everted rim jars, possibly indicating plough-disturbed burials or votive deposit around barrows

15.

HER Number: 

Record Type: Find Spot

Name: Roman Pottery (c.55m N of the Parish Boundary)

Grid Reference:  

Parish: WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Types

FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Summary

Located ca 55m north of parish boundary; consists of mostly grey ware. Also mortaria and 1 large red (?samian) sherd. No building material.

Associated Monuments

None

Associated Finds:

FOX1185 - SHERD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

The Roman road of Akeman street lies under 1km to the south 

There are around 80 known sites of Archaeological interest and significance within 2km of the Detectival site.